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16 December
BIRTHS * Ludwig van Beethoven German composer. (1770) * Adrien Boieldieu French composer. (1775) * János Fusz Hungarian composer. (1777) * Augusta Holmès French composer. (1847) * Artur Bodanzky Austrian conductor. (1877) * Zoltán Kodály Hungarian composer. (1882) * Sir Noel Coward English composer and writer. (1899) * Stanojlo Rajičić Serbian composer. (1910) * Werner Haentjes German composer. (1923) * James McCracken American tenor. (1926) * Donald Grobe American tenor. (1929) * Rodion Konstantinovich Shchedrin Russian composer and pianist. (1932) * Philip Langridge English tenor. (1939) * Timothy Sullivan Canadian composer. (1954)

DEATHS * Jacopo Fabris Italian stage designer. (1761) * Johann Adolf Hasse German composer. (1783) * Christian Felix Weisse German poet, dramatist and librettist. (1804) * Friedrich August Kanne Austrian composer. (1833) * Stanisław Duniecki Polish composer. (1870) * Alexey Fyodorovich L'vov Russian composer. (1870) * Ivan Zajc Croatian composer. (1914) * Luigi Illica Italian librettist. (1919) * Camille Saint-Saëns French composer. (1921) * Pongrác Kacsóh Hungarian composer, teacher and writer on music. (1923) * Rudolf Moralt German conductor. (1958) * Boris Semyonovich Shekhter Russian composer. (1961) * Giuseppe Nessi Italian tenor. (1961) * Tito Schipa Italian tenor. (1965) * Thomas Schippers American conductor. (1977) * Gianni Poggi Italian tenor. (1989)

PREMIERES Dèbora e Jaéle Ildebrando Pizzetti; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 16 December 1922. Le pauvre matelot Darius Milhaud; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 16 December 1927. Street Scene Kurt Weill; Philadelphia, Shubert Theatre, 16 December 1946; New York, Adelphi Theatre, 9 January 1947. Der Kaiser von Atlantis Viktor Ullmann; Amsterdam, Bellevue Theatre, 16 December 1975.
 

17 December
BIRTHS * Domenico Cimarosa Italian composer. (1749) * Johann Friedrich Schubert German composer. (1770) * Christian Frederik Emil Horneman Danish composer. (1840) * Nicola van Westerhout Italian composer. (1857) * Dmitry Borisovich Kabalevsky Russian composer. (1904) * Seth McCoy American tenor. (1928) * Makoto Moroi Japanese composer. (1930)

DEATHS * Nicolò Beregan Italian lawyer, poet and librettist. (1713) * Conrad Friedrich Hurlebusch German composer. (1765) * Giuseppe Carcani Italian composer. (1778) * Louis-Abel Beffroy de Reigny French composer and librettist. (1811) * Saverio Mercadante Italian composer. (1870) * Richard Pohl German critic and translator. (1896) * Stefano Gobatti Italian composer. (1913) * Edgar Istel German musicologist and composer. (1948) * Ferdinand Pujman Czech director and writer. (1961) * Erwin Dressel German composer. (1972) * Mario Persico Italian composer. (1977) * Francesco Siciliani Italian administrator and composer. (1996)

PREMIERES Giulio Cesare in Egitto Antonio Sartorio; Venezia, Teatro S Salvatore, 17 December 1676. Issé André Cardinal Destouches; concert performances at Fontainebleau, 7 October, and Versailles, Trianon, 17 December 1697. La belle Hélène Jacques Offenbach; Paris, Théâtre des Variétés, 17 December 1864. The Long Christmas Dinner Paul Hindemith; Mannheim, Nationaltheater, 17 December 1961.
 

18 December
BIRTHS * Jean-Baptiste Rey French conductor and composer. (1734) * János Spech Hungarian composer. (1767, 250 years) * Rosa Newmarch English writer on music. (1857) * Lionel Monckton English composer. (1861) * Adolf Vogl German writer on music and composer. (1873) * Sergio Failoni Italian conductor. (1890) * Nina Koshetz Ukrainian soprano. (1894) * Saburō Takata Japanese composer. (1913) * Rita Streich German soprano. (1920) * Cesare Valletti Italian tenor. (1922) * Knut Skram Norwegian baritone. (1937) * Elliot Palay American tenor. (1948)

DEATHS * Johann Gottfried Herder German writer. (1803) * John Inigo Richards English scene painter. (1810) * Johann Mederitsch Austrian composer. (1835) * Felice Blangini French composer, singing teacher and tenor. (1841) * Giuseppe Nicolini Italian composer. (1842) * Louis Moreau Gottschalk American composer. (1869) * Francesco Florimo Italian librarian, musicologist and teacher. (1888) * Paul Xavier Désiré, d'Ivry French composer. (1903) * Alberto Randegger English conductor and composer. (1911) * Henryk Jarecki Polish composer and conductor. (1918) * Horatio Parker American composer. (1919) * Frederick Herman Martens American writer on music and librettist. (1932) * Sem Benelli Italian dramatist. (1949) * Zélie De Lussan American mezzo-soprano. (1949) * Winfried Zillig German composer and conductor. (1963) * Michelangelo Veltri Argentine conductor. (1997)

PREMIERES Oreste George Frideric Handel; London, Covent Garden Theatre, 18 December 1734. La schiava liberata Niccolò Jommelli; Ludwigsburg, Schlosstheater, 18 December 1768. El Barberillo de Lavapiés Francisco Asenjo Barbieri; Madrid, Teatro de la Zarzuela, 18 December 1874. Iolanta Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 6/18 December 1892. The Makropulos Affair Leoš Janáček; Brno, National Theatre, 18 December 1926.