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22 January
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Righini Italian composer, singing teacher and conductor. (1756) * René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt French librettist and dramatist. (1773) * Stefano Pavesi Italian composer. (1779) * François-Antoine Habeneck French conductor. (1781) * Byron English poet. (1788) * Josef Leopold Zvonař Czech composer. (1824) * Henri Maréchal French composer. (1842) * August Strindberg Swedish writer and dramatist. (1849) * Charles Tournemire French composer and organist. (1870) * John J Becker American composer. (1886) * Rosa Ponselle American soprano. (1897) * Franz Salmhofer Austrian composer. (1900) * Suzanne Danco Belgian soprano. (1911) * Emmy Loose Czech soprano. (1914) * William Warfield American bass. (1920) * Hans Günter Nöcker German bass-baritone. (1927) * Tilo Medek German composer. (1940)

DEATHS * Marc'Antonio Ziani Italian composer. (1715) * George Rodwell English composer and playwright. (1852) * Iwan Knorr German composer. (1916) * Andrés de Segurola Spanish bass. (1953) * Marc Blitzstein American composer. (1964) * Franco Abbiati Italian critic. (1981) * Kristo Kono Albanian composer. (1991) * Carlo Cossutta Italian tenor. (2000)

PREMIERES Ruddigore Arthur Sullivan; London, Savoy Theatre, 22 January 1887. Oceàna Antonio Smareglia; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 22 January 1903. Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District Dmitry Shostakovich; Leningrad, Malïy Opernïy Teatr, 22 January 1934. Cyrano de Bergerac Franco Alfano; Roma, Teatro Reale, 22 January 1936.
 

23 January
BIRTHS * Christian August Vulpius German writer. (1762) * Jean-Nicolas Bouilly French librettist. (1763) * Stendhal French writer. (1783) * Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg German administrator and composer. (1843) * Rutland Boughton English composer and writer. (1878) * Bolesław Wallek-Walewski Polish composer and conductor. (1885) * Vladimir Rosing Russian tenor and director. (1890) * Antanas Sodeika Lithuanian baritone. (1890) * Sergey Eisenstein Soviet film director. (1898) * Dušan Kostić Serbian composer. (1925) * Manfred Schenk German bass. (1930) * Teresa Zylis-Gara Polish soprano. (1935) * Lajos Miller Hungarian baritone. (1940)

DEATHS * Gottlieb Stephanie German actor, playwright and librettist. (1800) * Václav Pichl Czech composer. (1805) * Adolf Jensen German composer. (1879) * Francisco de Sá Noronha Portuguese composer. (1881) * Władysław Żeleński Polish composer. (1921) * Joseph Carl Breil American composer and singer. (1926) * Jaroslav Křička Czech composer. (1969) * Samuel Barber American composer. (1981) * Charles Craig English tenor. (1997) * Nino Pirrotta Italian musicologist. (1998)

PREMIERES Ulysse Jean-Féry Rebel; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1703. Iphigénie en Tauride Niccolò Piccinni; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1781. La fiamma Ottorino Respighi; Roma, Teatro Reale dell'Opera, 23 January 1934.
 

24 January
BIRTHS * Frederick II German monarch and patron. (1712) * Pierre-Augustin Beaumarchais French writer. (1732) * Gustavus III Swedish patron and librettist. (1746) * E T A Hoffmann German composer and writer. (1776) * Jaro Prohaska Austrian bass-baritone. (1891) * Elena Nicolai Bulgarian mezzo-soprano. (1905) * Howell Glynne Welsh bass. (1906) * Norman Dello Joio American composer. (1913) * Gottfried von Einem Austrian composer. (1918, 100 years) * Leon Kirchner American composer and conductor. (1919) * Nikolla Zoraqi Albanian composer. (1929) * Birgit Finnilä Swedish contralto. (1931) * Ib Nørholm Danish composer. (1931)

DEATHS * Jean Berain French designer. (1711) * Lavinia Fenton English actress and singer. (1760) * Andrea Bernasconi Italian composer. (1784) * Gaspare Spontini Italian composer. (1851) * Friedrich Flotow German composer. (1883) * Manuel Penella Spanish composer. (1939) * Tihomil Vidošić Croatian composer. (1973)

PREMIERES Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo Francesco Cavalli; Venezia, Teatro S Cassiano, 24 January 1639. L'ecole de la jeunesse Egidio Duni; Paris, Comédie-Italienne, 24 January 1765. Amphion Johann Gottlieb Naumann; Stockholm, Bollhus Theatre, 24 January 1778. I Puritani Vincenzo Bellini; Paris, Théâtre Italien, 24 January 1835. Francesca da Rimini Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906. The Miserly Knight Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906.