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23 January
BIRTHS * Christian August Vulpius German writer. (1762) * Jean-Nicolas Bouilly French librettist. (1763) * Stendhal French writer. (1783) * Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg German administrator and composer. (1843) * Rutland Boughton English composer and writer. (1878) * Bolesław Wallek-Walewski Polish composer and conductor. (1885) * Vladimir Rosing Russian tenor and director. (1890) * Antanas Sodeika Lithuanian baritone. (1890) * Sergey Eisenstein Soviet film director. (1898) * Dušan Kostić Serbian composer. (1925) * Manfred Schenk German bass. (1930) * Teresa Zylis-Gara Polish soprano. (1935) * Lajos Miller Hungarian baritone. (1940)

DEATHS * Gottlieb Stephanie German actor, playwright and librettist. (1800) * Václav Pichl Czech composer. (1805) * Adolf Jensen German composer. (1879) * Francisco de Sá Noronha Portuguese composer. (1881) * Władysław Żeleński Polish composer. (1921) * Joseph Carl Breil American composer and singer. (1926) * Jaroslav Křička Czech composer. (1969) * Samuel Barber American composer. (1981) * Charles Craig English tenor. (1997) * Nino Pirrotta Italian musicologist. (1998)

PREMIERES Ulysse Jean-Féry Rebel; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1703. Iphigénie en Tauride Niccolò Piccinni; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1781. La fiamma Ottorino Respighi; Roma, Teatro Reale dell'Opera, 23 January 1934.
 

24 January
BIRTHS * Frederick II German monarch and patron. (1712) * Pierre-Augustin Beaumarchais French writer. (1732) * Gustavus III Swedish patron and librettist. (1746) * E T A Hoffmann German composer and writer. (1776) * Jaro Prohaska Austrian bass-baritone. (1891) * Elena Nicolai Bulgarian mezzo-soprano. (1905) * Howell Glynne Welsh bass. (1906) * Norman Dello Joio American composer. (1913) * Gottfried von Einem Austrian composer. (1918) * Leon Kirchner American composer and conductor. (1919) * Nikolla Zoraqi Albanian composer. (1929) * Birgit Finnilä Swedish contralto. (1931) * Ib Nørholm Danish composer. (1931)

DEATHS * Jean Berain French designer. (1711) * Lavinia Fenton English actress and singer. (1760) * Andrea Bernasconi Italian composer. (1784) * Gaspare Spontini Italian composer. (1851) * Friedrich Flotow German composer. (1883) * Manuel Penella Spanish composer. (1939) * Tihomil Vidošić Croatian composer. (1973)

PREMIERES Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo Francesco Cavalli; Venezia, Teatro S Cassiano, 24 January 1639. L'ecole de la jeunesse Egidio Duni; Paris, Comédie-Italienne, 24 January 1765. Amphion Johann Gottlieb Naumann; Stockholm, Bollhus Theatre, 24 January 1778. I Puritani Vincenzo Bellini; Paris, Théâtre Italien, 24 January 1835. Francesca da Rimini Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906. The Miserly Knight Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906.
 

25 January
BIRTHS * Hamilton Clarke English composer and conductor. (1840) * Jan Blockx Belgian composer. (1851) * Wilhelm Furtwängler German conductor. (1886) * Peter Klein Austrian tenor. (1907) * Julia Smith American composer. (1911) * Athanas Margaritov Bulgarian conductor. (1912) * Raymond Pannell Canadian composer and pianist. (1935)

DEATHS * Marco Marazzoli Italian composer. (1662) * Geminiano Giacomelli Italian composer. (1740) * Domenico Natale Sarro Italian composer. (1744) * Giusto Ferdinando Tenducci Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1790) * Maciej Kamieński Polish composer. (1821) * William Shield English composer. (1829) * Gaetano Rossi Italian librettist. (1855) * Stepan Mitusov Russian librettist, pianist and conductor. (1942) * Minnie Saltzmann-Stevens American soprano. (1950) * Rutland Boughton English composer and writer. (1960) * Ettore Bastianini Italian baritone. (1967, 50 years) * Aylmer Buesst Australian conductor. (1970) * Jane Bathori French mezzo-soprano and director. (1970) * Toti Dal Monte Italian soprano. (1975) * Imre Palló Hungarian baritone. (1978) * Emil Hlobil Czech composer and teacher. (1987) * Henry Krips Australian conductor. (1987) * Ruth Berghaus German director. (1996)

PREMIERES Xerse Giovanni Bononcini; Roma, Teatro di Tordinona, 25 January 1694. Pyramus and Thisbe John Frederick Lampe; London, Covent Garden, 25 January 1745. La cenerentola Gioachino Rossini; Roma, Teatro Valle, 25 January 1817. (200 years). The Demon Anton Grigor'yevich Rubinstein; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 13/25 January 1875. Elektra Richard Strauss; Dresden, Hofoper, 25 January 1909. Madame Sans-Gêne Umberto Giordano; New York, Metropolitan Opera, 25 January 1915.