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22 September
BIRTHS * Paul Barroilhet French baritone. (1810) * Emil Ábrányi Hungarian composer and conductor. (1882) * Herbert Janssen German baritone. (1892) * Elisabeth Rethberg German soprano. (1894) * A J Potter Irish composer. (1918) * Roger Hannay American composer. (1930) * Colin Graham English director. (1931) * Nello Santi Italian conductor. (1931) * Leonardo Balada American composer. (1933) * Edward Bogusławski Polish composer. (1940) * Anna Tomowa-Sintow Bulgarian soprano. (1941) * Gilbert Deflo Belgian director. (1944) * John Tomlinson English bass. (1946)

DEATHS * Georg Philipp Harsdörffer German poet and librettist. (1658) * Francesco Mancini Italian composer. (1737) * Michel Pignolet de Montéclair French composer. (1737) * Giuseppe Bardari Italian librettist. (1861) * H B Farnie Scottish librettist and translator. (1889) * Cornelis Bronsgeest Dutch baritone. (1957) * Josef Matthias Hauer Austrian composer. (1959) * Carlo Galeffi Italian baritone. (1961) * Artur Rother German conductor. (1972) * Marta Fuchs German soprano. (1974) * Franz Salmhofer Austrian composer. (1975) * Irving Berlin American composer. (1989) * Maurice Abravanel American conductor. (1993)

PREMIERES Soliman den andra Joseph Martin Kraus; Stockholm, Royal Dramatic Theatre, 22 September 1789. Das Rheingold Richard Wagner; Munich, Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater, 22 September 1869.
 

23 September
BIRTHS * Léon Charles François Kreutzer French writer on music and composer. (1817) * Carlos Fernández Shaw Spanish librettist. (1865) * Montagu Slater English librettist. (1902) * Nicola Moscona Greek bass. (1907) * Jarmila Novotná Czech soprano. (1907) * Sándor Kónya Hungarian tenor. (1923) * Spas Wenkoff Bulgarian tenor. (1928) * Andrew Lamb English writer. (1942) * Kathryn Montgomery-Meissner American soprano. (1952) * William Shimell English baritone. (1952)

DEATHS * Nicolaus Adam Strungk German composer. (1700) * Carlo Agostino Badia Italian composer. (1738) * Vincenzo Bellini Italian composer. (1835) * Prosper Mérimée French novelist and short-story writer. (1870) * Gilbert Duprez French tenor and composer. (1896) * Alfred Piccaver English tenor. (1958) * Arwel Hughes Welsh composer and conductor. (1988)

PREMIERES Armide Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 23 September 1777. König Hirsch Hans Werner Henze; Berlin, Städtische Oper, 23 September 1956. Louis Riel Harry Somers; Toronto, O'Keefe Centre, 23 September 1967.
 

24 September
BIRTHS * Giovanni Francesco Busenello Italian librettist. (1598) * Tomás López Torregrosa Spanish composer. (1868) * Karin Branzell Swedish contralto. (1891) * Rafael Millán Spanish composer. (1893) * Lina Bruna Rasa Italian soprano. (1907) * Helmut Melchert German tenor. (1910) * Ettore Gracis Italian conductor. (1915) * Vaclav Nelhybel American composer. (1919) * Cornell MacNeil American baritone. (1922) * Ettore Bastianini Italian baritone. (1922) * Alfredo Kraus Spanish tenor. (1927) * Pablo Elvira Puerto Rican baritone. (1938)

DEATHS * Georg Gebel German composer. (1755) * André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry Liégeois composer. (1813) * Carl Gottfried Theodor Winkler German poet, impresario and journalist. (1856) * Rudolf Dellinger German composer and conductor. (1910) * Pierre de Bréville French composer. (1949)

PREMIERES Le cinesi Christoph Willibald Gluck; Vienna, Schlosshof, 24 September 1754. Echo et Narcisse Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 24 September 1779.