BIRTHSChristian Ludwig Boxberg German composer and librettist. (1670)
Giovanni Battista Martini Italian composer, teacher and writer on music. (1706)
Giovan Gualberto Brunetti Italian composer. (1706)
Frédéric Blasius French conductor and composer. (1758)
Marco D'Arienzo Italian librettist. (1811)
Charles-Louis-Etienne Nuitter French librettist, writer on music and librarian. (1828)
Carlo D'Ormeville Italian librettist and impresario. (1840)
Gladys De Grey English patron. (1859)
Jenő Huszka Hungarian composer. (1875)
György Kósa Hungarian composer. (1897)
Václav Trojan Czech composer. (1907)
Norman Tucker English administrator and translator. (1910)
Laci Boldemann Swedish composer. (1921)
Ferit Tüzün Turkish conductor and composer. (1929)
Norma Burrowes British soprano. (1944)
Bruce Saylor American composer. (1946)
DEATHSPierre Joseph Candeille French composer. (1827)
Girolamo Crescentini Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1846)
Vasily Andreyevich Zhukovsky Russian poet and translator. (1852)
Nestor Roqueplan French journalist and theatre director. (1870)
Marco D'Arienzo Italian librettist. (1877)
Camille Erlanger French composer. (1919)
Richard Batka Austrian critic and writer. (1922)
Ferdinand Hummel German composer and harpist. (1928)
Jef Van Hoof Belgian composer. (1959)
Tino Pattiera Croatian tenor. (1966)
Julia Perry American composer. (1979)
Leopold Ludwig Austrian conductor. (1979)
Danilo Švara Slovene composer. (1981)
Domenico Guaccero Italian composer. (1984)
Robert Erickson American composer. (1997)
PREMIERESLottchen am Hofe Johann Adam Hiller; Leipzig, Theater am Rannstädter Thore, 24 April 1767.
Eduardo e Cristina Gioachino Rossini; Venezia, Teatro Benedetto, 24 April 1819.
Oprichnik Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 12/24 April 1874.
Guercoeur Albéric Magnard; Paris, Opéra, 24 April 1931.
Skripka Rotshil'da Veniamin Iosifovich Fleyshman; Leningrad, Experimental Chamber Opera Studio of the Leningrad Conservatory, 24 April 1968.
BIRTHSBenedetto Pamphili Italian patron. (1653)
Giovanni Marco Rutini Italian composer. (1723)
Fedele Fenaroli Italian composer and teacher. (1730)
Karl Prohaska Austrian composer. (1869)
Jaroslav Doubrava Czech composer. (1909)
Italo Tajo Italian bass. (1915)
Astrid Varnay American soprano. (1918)
Irene Jordan American soprano. (1919)
Erzsébet Szőnyi Hungarian composer. (1924)
Franco Mannino Italian composer. (1924)
Fritz Hübner German bass. (1933)
Seppo Ruohonen Finnish tenor. (1946)
Cynthia Clarey American mezzo-soprano. (1949)
DEATHSTorquato Tasso Italian poet and playwright. (1595)
Abel Seyler Swiss impresario and actor. (1800)
François-Benoît Hoffman French librettist, critic and playwright. (1828)
Jean-Nicolas Bouilly French librettist. (1842)
John Knowles Paine American composer. (1906)
George Stephănescu Romanian composer, conductor and teacher. (1925)
Charles Hedmont Canadian tenor. (1940)
Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko Russian director. (1943)
Christopher Hassall English librettist and translator. (1963)
Zoltán Horusitzky Hungarian composer. (1985)
PREMIERESLa vera costanza Joseph Haydn; Eszterháza, 25 April 1779.
Die Gezeichneten Franz Schreker; Frankfurt, 25 April 1918.
Turandot Giacomo Puccini; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 25 April 1926.
Die wundersame Schustersfrau Udo Zimmermann; Schwetzingen, 25 April 1982.
BIRTHSMargarete Schick German singer. (1773)
Auguste Panseron French composer and singing teacher. (1796)
Jean Nouguès French composer. (1875)
Florence Austral Australian soprano. (1894)
Max Brand Austrian composer. (1896)
Marga Höffgen German contralto. (1921)
Wilma Lipp Austrian soprano. (1925)
Louis Erlo French director. (1929)
Conrad Susa American composer. (1935)
DEATHSKarl Siegmund, von Seckendorff German amateur composer and courtier. (1785)
Bernardo Ottani Italian composer. (1827)
Louise Bertin French composer. (1877)
Joseph Hellmesberger Austrian composer. (1907)
Pietro Platania Italian composer. (1907)
Hans Sommer German composer. (1922)
Hedwig Francillo-Kaufmann Austrian soprano. (1948)
Aaron Avshalomov American composer. (1965)
Michael Bohnen German bass-baritone. (1965)
Mariya Nikolayevna Kuznetsova Russian soprano. (1966)
James Pease American bass-baritone. (1967)
PREMIERESL'amore artigiano Florian Leopold Gassmann; Vienna, Burgtheater, 26 April 1767.
Les danaïdes Antonio Salieri; Paris, Opéra, 26 April 1784.
Zaporozhets za Dunayem Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 14/26 April 1863.
Belfagor Ottorino Respighi; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 26 April 1923.
The Pilgrim's Progress Ralph Vaughan Williams; London, Covent Garden, 26 April 1951.