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21 October
BIRTHS * Hilarión Eslava Spanish composer. (1807) * Henri Reber French composer. (1807) * Michel Carré French librettist. (1822) * Pascual Emilio Arrieta Spanish composer. (1823) * Giuseppe Giacosa Italian playwright and librettist. (1847) * Joseph Canteloube French composer. (1879) * Egon Wellesz Austrian composer. (1885) * Georg Solti British conductor. (1912) * Jarmil Burghauser Czech composer and musicologist. (1921) * Malcolm Arnold English composer. (1921) * John Alexander American tenor. (1923) * Virginia Zeani Italian soprano. (1928) * Kenneth Collins English tenor. (1935) * John Deathridge English musicologist. (1944) * Richard Crist American bass. (1947)

DEATHS * Johann Ernst Hartmann Danish composer. (1793) * Johann Baptist Lasser Austrian composer. (1805) * Carl Wilhelm Glösch German composer. (1809) * Charles Edward Horn English composer and singer. (1849) * José Teodoro Vilar Spanish composer. (1905) * Karl Elmendorff German conductor. (1962) * Gerhard Pechner German baritone. (1969) * Eugène Lapierre Canadian composer. (1970) * Herbert Weinstock American writer. (1971) * Ferit Tüzün Turkish conductor and composer. (1977)

PREMIERES Orphée aux enfers Jacques Offenbach; Paris, Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens, 21 October 1858. The Fair at Sorochintsï Modest Petrovich Musorgsky; Moscow, Free Theatre, 8/21 October 1913. Fennimore and Gerda Frederick Delius; Frankfurt, Opernhaus, 21 October 1919.
 

22 October
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Manfredini Italian composer. (1737) * Ambrogio Minoja Italian composer. (1752) * Daniel Steibelt French composer. (1765) * Federico Ricci Italian composer. (1809) * Franz Liszt Hungarian composer, pianist and conductor. (1811) * Carlo Emanuele Barbieri de Barbieri Italian conductor and composer. (1822) * Leopold Damrosch German conductor and composer. (1832) * Carl Muck German conductor. (1859) * Fidelio F Finke German composer. (1891) * Marcel Mihalovici French composer. (1898) * Günther Treptow German tenor. (1907) * Esther Réthy Hungarian soprano. (1912) * Doris Lessing British writer. (1919) * Hikaru Hayashi Japanese composer. (1931) * Donald McIntyre British bass-baritone. (1934) * Tadeáš Salva Slovak composer. (1937) * Elizabeth Connell Irish soprano. (1946) * Aldo Bertolo Italian tenor. (1949)

DEATHS * Benedetto Ferrari Italian composer, librettist and impresario. (1681) * Samuel Arnold English composer. (1802) * Louis Spohr German composer. (1859) * Vanni-Marcoux French bass and baritone. (1962) * Pauline Donalda Canadian soprano. (1970) * David Fraklin English bass. (1973) * Oscar Fritz Schuh German director and administrator. (1984) * Ernst Hermann Meyer German composer and musicologist. (1988)

PREMIERES Le faucon Dmitry Stepanovich Bortnyansky; Gatchina Palace, 11/22 October 1786. Il Marescalco Gian Francesco Malipiero; Treviso, Teatro Comunale, 22 October 1969. Nixon in China John Adams; Houston, Grand Opera, 22 October 1987.
 

23 October
BIRTHS * Peñaflorida Basque composer. (1729) * Pietro Generali Italian composer. (1773) * Albert Lortzing German composer. (1801) * João Gomes Brazilian composer. (1868) * Imre Palló Hungarian baritone. (1891) * Denise Duval French soprano. (1921) * Ned Rorem American composer. (1923) * Zbigniew Rudziński Polish composer. (1935) * Lawrence Foster American conductor. (1941) * Mari Anne Häggander Swedish soprano. (1951)

DEATHS * Giovanni Rovetta Italian composer. (1668) * Pierre-Charles Roy French librettist. (1764, 250 years) * Johann Gottlieb Naumann German composer. (1801) * Franz Seydelmann German composer. (1806) * Eugeniusz Morawski-Dąbrowa Polish composer. (1948) * Marian Telva American mezzo-soprano. (1962) * Viorica Ursuleac Romanian soprano. (1985)