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18 August
BIRTHS * Antonio Salieri Italian composer. (1750) * Pierre-David-Augustin Chapelle French composer. (1756) * Alphonse-Toussaint-Joseph-André-Marie-Marseille Fortia de Piles French composer. (1758) * Angelo Neumann Austrian impresario. (1838) * Benjamin Godard French composer. (1849) * Hermann Zilcher German composer. (1881) * Marcel Samuel-Rousseau French composer. (1882) * Alexander Alexandrovich Kas'yanov Russian composer. (1891) * Bela Rudenko Ukrainian soprano. (1933) * Michelangelo Veltri Argentine conductor. (1940) * Barry Busse American tenor. (1946)

DEATHS * Antonio d'Antoni Italian composer and conductor. (1859) * Richard Kleinmichel German pianist, composer and arranger. (1901) * Laci Boldemann Swedish composer. (1969) * Robert Russell Bennett American composer and orchestrator. (1981) * Gottlob Frick German bass. (1994)

PREMIERES Der Ferne Klang Franz Schreker; Frankfurt, Oper, 18 August 1912.
 

19 August
BIRTHS * William Henry Fry American composer. (1813) * Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky Russian composer and ethnomusicologist. (1879) * George Enescu Romanian composer. (1881) * Robert Heger German conductor and composer. (1886) * Paul Kont Austrian composer. (1920) * Martin Chusid American musicologist. (1925)

DEATHS * Carlo Arrigoni Italian composer. (1744) * Daniel Schiebeler German librettist. (1771) * Theresa Cornelys Italian singer. (1797) * Vincenzo Righini Italian composer, singing teacher and conductor. (1812) * Angelo Tarchi Italian composer. (1814) * Gioseffo Catrufo Italian composer. (1851) * Eugène-Prosper Prévost French composer. (1872) * František Zdeněk Skuherský Bohemian composer. (1892) * Sergey Pavlovich Dyagilev Russian impresario. (1929) * Clemens Franckenstein German composer, conductor and administrator. (1942) * Henry J Wood English conductor. (1944) * Frederick Ashton British choreographer. (1988)

PREMIERES West Side Story Leonard Bernstein; Washington, DC, National Theatre, 19 August 1957. Nausicaa Peggy Glanville-Hicks; Athens, Herodes Atticus Theatre, 19 August 1961.
 

20 August
BIRTHS * Jacopo Peri Italian composer. (1561) * Sophie Elisabeth German composer and poet. (1613) * Thomas Corneille French playwright and librettist. (1625) * Bernard de Bury French composer. (1720) * Jules Laurent Duprato French composer. (1827) * W H Bell English composer. (1873) * José Subirá Spanish musicologist. (1882) * Georgios Sklavos Greek composer. (1888) * Witold Friemann Polish composer. (1889) * Otto Strobel German musicologist. (1895) * Christian Bérard French painter, designer and illustrator. (1902) * Charles Shere American composer. (1935) * Anne Evans English soprano. (1939)

DEATHS * Martin Opitz German poet. (1639) * Pierre Guyenet French administrator. (1712) * György Császár Hungarian composer. (1850) * Philipp Jakob Riotte German composer. (1856) * Louis Varney French composer. (1908) * Arthur Coquard French composer. (1910) * Waldemar von Baussnern German composer. (1931) * Tadeusz Joteyko Polish composer. (1932) * Emile Mathieu Belgian composer. (1932) * Otakar Ostrčil Czech composer, conductor and director. (1935) * Arthur Preuss German tenor. (1944) * Arthur Cranmer English baritone. (1954) * Mabel Garrison American soprano. (1963) * Ivan Jirko Czech composer. (1978)

PREMIERES Le comte Ory Gioachino Rossini; Paris, Opéra, 20 August 1828. A Winter's Tale John Harbison; San Francisco Opera, 20 August 1979.