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20 October
BIRTHS * Joachim Perinet Austrian dramatist and actor. (1763) * Lauris Elms Australian contralto. (1931) * Dunja Vejzovic Croatian mezzo-soprano. (1943) * Thomas Pasatieri American composer. (1945) * John Joseph Elwes English tenor. (1946) * Wolfgang Brendel German baritone. (1947)

DEATHS * Christopher Gibbons English composer. (1676) * Michael William Balfe Irish composer and singer. (1870) * Charles-Antoine Cambon French set designer and scene painter. (1875) * Mikhail Mikhaylovich Ivanov Russian critic and composer. (1927) * Emanuel Moór Hungarian composer. (1931) * Gabriel Grovlez French composer and conductor. (1944) * Emmy Bettendorf German soprano. (1963) * Germaine Lubin French soprano. (1979) * Jacopo Napoli Italian composer. (1994)

PREMIERES Cleopatra Johann Mattheson; Hamburg, 20 October 1704. Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen Richard Wagner; Dresden, Königlich Sächsisches Hoftheater, 20 October 1842.
 

21 October
BIRTHS * Hilarión Eslava Spanish composer. (1807) * Henri Reber French composer. (1807) * Michel Carré French librettist. (1822) * Pascual Emilio Arrieta Spanish composer. (1823) * Giuseppe Giacosa Italian playwright and librettist. (1847) * Joseph Canteloube French composer. (1879) * Egon Wellesz Austrian composer. (1885) * Georg Solti British conductor. (1912) * Jarmil Burghauser Czech composer and musicologist. (1921) * Malcolm Arnold English composer. (1921) * John Alexander American tenor. (1923) * Virginia Zeani Italian soprano. (1928) * Kenneth Collins English tenor. (1935) * John Deathridge English musicologist. (1944) * Richard Crist American bass. (1947)

DEATHS * Johann Ernst Hartmann Danish composer. (1793) * Johann Baptist Lasser Austrian composer. (1805) * Carl Wilhelm Glösch German composer. (1809) * Charles Edward Horn English composer and singer. (1849) * José Teodoro Vilar Spanish composer. (1905) * Karl Elmendorff German conductor. (1962) * Gerhard Pechner German baritone. (1969) * Eugène Lapierre Canadian composer. (1970) * Herbert Weinstock American writer. (1971) * Ferit Tüzün Turkish conductor and composer. (1977)

PREMIERES Orphée aux enfers Jacques Offenbach; Paris, Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens, 21 October 1858. The Fair at Sorochintsï Modest Petrovich Musorgsky; Moscow, Free Theatre, 8/21 October 1913. Fennimore and Gerda Frederick Delius; Frankfurt, Opernhaus, 21 October 1919.
 

22 October
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Manfredini Italian composer. (1737) * Ambrogio Minoja Italian composer. (1752) * Daniel Steibelt French composer. (1765) * Federico Ricci Italian composer. (1809) * Franz Liszt Hungarian composer, pianist and conductor. (1811) * Carlo Emanuele Barbieri de Barbieri Italian conductor and composer. (1822) * Leopold Damrosch German conductor and composer. (1832) * Carl Muck German conductor. (1859) * Fidelio F Finke German composer. (1891) * Marcel Mihalovici French composer. (1898) * Günther Treptow German tenor. (1907) * Esther Réthy Hungarian soprano. (1912) * Doris Lessing British writer. (1919) * Hikaru Hayashi Japanese composer. (1931) * Donald McIntyre British bass-baritone. (1934) * Tadeáš Salva Slovak composer. (1937) * Elizabeth Connell Irish soprano. (1946) * Aldo Bertolo Italian tenor. (1949)

DEATHS * Benedetto Ferrari Italian composer, librettist and impresario. (1681) * Samuel Arnold English composer. (1802) * Louis Spohr German composer. (1859) * Vanni-Marcoux French bass and baritone. (1962) * Pauline Donalda Canadian soprano. (1970) * David Fraklin English bass. (1973) * Oscar Fritz Schuh German director and administrator. (1984) * Ernst Hermann Meyer German composer and musicologist. (1988)

PREMIERES Le faucon Dmitry Stepanovich Bortnyansky; Gatchina Palace, 11/22 October 1786. Il Marescalco Gian Francesco Malipiero; Treviso, Teatro Comunale, 22 October 1969. Nixon in China John Adams; Houston, Grand Opera, 22 October 1987.