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20 February
BIRTHS * Marco Contarini Italian patron. (1632) * Cornelis Sweerts Netherlands librettist and poet. (1669) * Franz Ignaz Beck German composer and conductor. (1734) * Nicola Antonio Manfroce Italian composer. (1791) * Józef Poniatowski Polish composer and tenor. (1816) * Joseph Victor Widmann Swiss librettist. (1842) * Viktor Parma Slovene composer. (1858) * Carl Ebert German director and administrator. (1887) * Antonio Veretti Italian composer. (1900) * Nadine Conner American soprano. (1913) * Baldwin Bergersen American composer. (1914) * Julius Juzeliūnas Lithuanian composer. (1916) * Toshirō Mayuzumi Japanese composer. (1929) * Margareta Hallin Swedish soprano. (1931) * Giorgio Merighi Italian tenor. (1939) * Anthony Davis American composer. (1951) * Riccardo Chailly Italian conductor. (1953)

DEATHS * Luigi Rossi Italian composer. (1653) * Giovanni Battista Mastini Italian composer. (1771) * Francesco Poncini Zilioli Italian composer. (1782) * Joseph II . Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria. (1790) * Johann Joseph Emmert German composer. (1809) * Eugène Scribe French dramatist and librettist. (1861) * Louis Dietsch French composer. (1865) * Ferenc Fricsay Hungarian conductor. (1963) * Ernest Ansermet Swiss conductor. (1969) * Marta Krásová Czech mezzo-soprano. (1970) * Albert Wolff French composer. (1970) * Fikret Amirov Azerbaijani composer. (1984) * Ivan Brkanović Croatian composer. (1987) * Gheorghe Dumitrescu Romanian composer. (1996)

PREMIERES Pompeo magno Francesco Cavalli; Venezia, Teatro S Salvatore, 20 February 1666. Il barbiere di Siviglia Gioachino Rossini; Roma, Teatro Argentina, 20 February 1816. Der Verschwender Conradin Kreutzer; Vienna, Theater in der Josefstadt, 20 February 1834. Die beiden Schützen Albert Lortzing; Leipzig, Stadttheater, 20 February 1837. The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 7/20 February 1907.
 

21 February
BIRTHS * Giovanni Andrea Bontempi Italian composer, librettist and architect. (1625) * Nicolò Beregan Italian lawyer, poet and librettist. (1627) * Johann Augustin Kobelius German composer. (1674) * Vincenzo Lavigna Italian composer and teacher. (1776) * Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda Bohemian composer. (1801) * Nicolò Gabrielli Italian composer. (1814) * Henri Meilhac French playwright and librettist. (1831) * Léo Delibes French composer. (1836) * Emil Hartmann Danish composer. (1836) * Charles-Marie Widor French organist, composer and teacher. (1844) * Svatopluk Čech Czech poet and writer. (1846) * Pierre de Bréville French composer. (1861) * Otto Kahn American patron. (1867) * Eugen David Haile American composer. (1873) * Fritz Cortolezis German composer. (1878) * Maria Nežádal Czech soprano. (1897) * W H Auden English poet and librettist. (1907) * Brian Trowell English scholar, director and translator. (1931) * Heinz Zednik Austrian tenor. (1940) * Lisbeth Balslev Danish soprano. (1945) * John Bröcheler Dutch baritone. (1945)

DEATHS * Paolo Magni Italian composer. (1737) * Antoine Danchet French librettist. (1748) * Antonio Rodríguez de Hita Spanish composer. (1787) * Johan David Zander Swedish composer and conductor. (1796) * Etienne Scio French composer. (1796) * Rafael Aceves Spanish composer. (1876) * John Oxenford English dramatist, librettist and critic. (1877) * John Pyke Hullah English composer and teacher. (1884) * Hedwig Lachmann German translator and poet. (1918, 100 years) * Giovanni Bolzoni Italian conductor and composer. (1919) * Guerrina Fabbri Italian contralto. (1946) * Marguerite Sylva American soprano. (1957) * Erika Köth German soprano. (1989) * Eva Jessye American choral conductor. (1992)

PREMIERES Spartaco Giuseppe Porsile; Vienna, Kleines Hoftheater, 21 February 1726. La rosa bianca e la rosa rossa Simon Mayr; Genova, Teatro S Agostino, 21 February 1813. Khovanshchina Modest Petrovich Musorgsky; St Petersburg, Amateur Musical-Dramatic Club in Kononov Auditorium, 9/21 February 1886, in Rimsky-Korsakov's version. Mala vita Umberto Giordano; Roma, Teatro Argentina, 21 February 1892. A Village Romeo and Juliet Frederick Delius; Berlin, Komische Oper, 21 February 1907. Abesalom da Eteri Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili; Tbilisi, Georgian National Opera House, 21 February 1919.
 

22 February
BIRTHS * Joseph Felix von Kurz Austrian comic actor, singer, dramatist and theatre manager. (1717) * João de Sousa Carvalho Portuguese composer. (1745) * Karl Jacob Wagner German composer. (1772) * William Ayrton English impresario. (1777) * Joachim Georg Nikolas Eggert German composer. (1779) * José Soler Uruguayan tenor. (1904) * Luis Sandi Mexican composer. (1905) * Hervey Alan English bass. (1910) * Jiří Pauer Czech composer and impresario. (1919) * David Ahlstrom American composer. (1927) * Anny Schlemm German soprano and mezzo-soprano. (1929) * Marni Nixon American soprano. (1930) * Silvano Carroli Italian baritone. (1939)

DEATHS * Ignaz Walter German composer and tenor. (1822) * John Davy English composer. (1824) * Hugo Wolf Austrian composer. (1903) * Stefan Zweig Austrian writer. (1942) * Jeanne Gordon Canadian mezzo-soprano. (1952) * Maria Capuana Italian mezzo-soprano. (1955) * Ivan Patorzhinsky Ukrainian bass. (1960) * Adrian Boult English conductor. (1983) * Otar Vasil'yevich Taktakishvili Georgian composer, conductor and writer on music. (1989)

PREMIERES Il palazzo incantato Luigi Rossi; Roma, Palazzo Barberini alle Quattro Fontane, 22 February 1642. Atys Niccolò Piccinni; Paris, Opéra, 22 February 1780. Cendrillon Nicolas Isouard; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 22 February 1810. Der Holzdieb Heinrich August Marschner; Dresden, Hoftheater, 22 February 1825. The Importance of Being Earnest Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco; New York La Guardia Theatre, 22 February 1975. Vincent Rainer Kunad; Dresden, Staatsoper, 22 February 1979.