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19 April
BIRTHS * Carlo d'Ordonez Austrian composer. (1734) * Gioseffo Catrufo Italian composer. (1771) * Franz Gläser Bohemian composer. (1798) * Siegfried Ochs German composer. (1858) * Max von Schillings German composer, conductor and administrator. (1868) * Germaine Tailleferre French composer. (1892) * Walter Widdop English tenor. (1892) * Joseph Keilberth German conductor. (1908) * Anthony A Bliss American administrator. (1913) * Hertha Töpper Austrian mezzo-soprano. (1924) * Myron S Fink American composer. (1932) * Bernhard Klee German conductor. (1936) * Kenneth Riegel American tenor. (1938)

DEATHS * Christina . Queen of Sweden and patron. (1689) * Florian Johann Deller Austrian composer. (1773) * Byron English poet. (1824) * Jean Frédéric Auguste Lemière de Corvey French composer. (1832) * Virgilio Ranzato Italian composer. (1937) * Gustave Doret Swiss composer. (1943) * Alois Burgstaller German tenor. (1945) * Berners English composer. (1950) * Aksel Schiøtz Danish tenor. (1975)

PREMIERES Psyché Jean-Baptiste Lully; Paris, Opéra, 19 April 1678. Iphigénie en Aulide Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 19 April 1774. Les cloches de Corneville Robert Planquette; Paris, Folies-Dramatiques, 19 April 1877. Behold the Sun Alexander Goehr; Duisburg, Deutsche Oper am Rhein, 19 April 1985. Fedra Sylvano Bussotti; Roma, Teatro dell'Opera, 19 April 1988.
 

20 April
BIRTHS * Brunswick French librettist. (1805) * Auguste Chapuis French composer. (1858) * Sem Dresden Dutch composer. (1881) * Veselin Stoyanov Bulgarian composer. (1902) * Josef Herrmann German baritone. (1903) * Giovanni Malipiero Italian tenor. (1906) * Jin Xiang Chinese composer. (1935) * John Eliot Gardiner English conductor. (1943)

DEATHS * Johan Henrik Kellgren Swedish librettist. (1795) * Carl Loewe German composer. (1869) * Alexander Girardi Austrian comic singer and actor. (1918) * Paul Franz French tenor. (1950) * Edward Johnson Canadian tenor and impresario. (1959) * Hilde Konetzni Austrian soprano. (1980) * Frederick Sharp English baritone. (1988) * Giuseppe Sinopoli Italian conductor and composer. (2001)

PREMIERES Lord {Byron} Virgil Thomson; Juilliard Theater, New York, 20 April 1972.
 

21 April
BIRTHS * Béni Egressy Hungarian composer and librettist. (1814) * Charles Malherbe French musicologist and composer. (1853) * Leo Blech German conductor and composer. (1871) * Jaroslav Kvapil Czech composer and conductor. (1892) * Randall Thompson American composer. (1899) * Leonard Warren American baritone. (1911) * Bruno Maderna Italian composer. (1920) * Charles Hamm American musicologist. (1925) * Suzanne Sarroca French soprano. (1927) * Bengt Rundgren Swedish bass-baritone. (1931) * John McCabe English composer. (1939) * Jill Feldman American soprano. (1952)

DEATHS * Pietro Della Valle Italian author, librettist and composer. (1652) * Jean Racine French dramatist. (1699) * Marie-Justine-Benoîte Favart French singer and dramatist. (1772) * Filippo Finazzi Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1776) * Ferdinand Zellbell Swedish composer. (1780) * Friedrich Christian Beuther German stage designer. (1856) * Otto Johann Anton Dütsch Russian composer and conductor. (1863) * Temistocle Solera Italian librettist and composer. (1878) * F C Burnand English librettist and dramatist. (1917) * Carlos López Buchardo Argentine composer. (1948) * Olive Fremstad Swedish-American mezzo-soprano and soprano. (1951) * Giulio Neri Italian bass. (1958) * James Melton American tenor. (1961) * Jack Allan Westrup English scholar, teacher and conductor. (1975) * Willi Boskovsky Austrian conductor and violinist. (1991)

PREMIERES Ginevra di Scozia Simon Mayr; Trieste, Teatro Nuovo, 21 April 1801. Undine Albert Lortzing; Magdeburg, Nationaltheater, 21 April 1845. Edgar Giacomo Puccini; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 21 April 1889. Il Cappello di paglia di Firenze Nino Rota; Palermo, Teatro Massimo, 21 April 1955. Danton and Robespierre john c. Eaton; Bloomington, Indiana University Opera Theater, 21 April 1978.