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19 December
BIRTHS * Giuseppe Giordani Italian composer. (1751) * George Frederick Bristow American composer. (1825) * Adolf Sandberger German musicologist and composer. (1864, 150 years) * Borys Karlovych Yanovs'ky Ukrainian composer. (1875) * Carlo Gatti Italian musicologist. (1876) * Walter Braunfels German composer. (1882) * Fritz Reiner American conductor. (1888) * Paul Dessau German composer. (1894) * Audrey Mildmay English soprano. (1900) * Dusolina Giannini American soprano. (1902) * Ludvík Podéšť Czech composer. (1921) * Michael Hurd English composer. (1928) * Wendy Fine South African soprano. (1943) * William Christie American conductor. (1944) * Russell Smythe British baritone. (1949) * Jane Bunnell American mezzo-soprano. (1952) * Olaf Bär German baritone. (1957)

DEATHS * Giovanni Faustini Italian librettist and impresario. (1651) * Gottfried Grünewald German composer and bass. (1739) * Carlo Monza Italian composer. (1801) * Jean-Georges Kastner French composer and theorist. (1867) * Cleofonte Campanini Italian conductor and violinist. (1919) * Karl Jörn Latvian tenor. (1947) * Montagu Slater English librettist. (1956) * George Meader American tenor. (1963) * Carmen Melis Italian soprano. (1967) * Tiberiu Brediceanu Romanian composer. (1968) * André D'Arkor Belgian tenor. (1971) * Lawrance Collingwood English conductor and composer. (1982)

PREMIERES Acis y Galatea Antonio de Literes; Madrid, Alcázar palace or Coliseo del Buen Retiro, 19 December 1708. L'Olimpiade Leonardo Leo; Napoli, Teatro S Carlo, 19 December 1737. Sïn mandarina César Antonovich Cui; St Petersburg, Artists' Club, 7/19 December 1879. Hérodiade Jules Massenet; Brussels, Théâtre de la Monnaie, 19 December 1881. The Queen of Spades Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 7/19 December 1890. Siberia Umberto Giordano; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 19 December 1903. Daisi Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvil; Tbilisi, Georgian National Opera House, 19 December 1923. Lanzelot Paul Dessau; Berlin, Deutsche Staatsoper, 19 December 1969.
 

20 December
BIRTHS * Innocente Bellavite Italian stage designer. (1691) * Antonio Palomba Italian librettist. (1705) * Othon-Joseph Vandenbroek Flemish composer. (1758) * Pietro Raimondi Italian composer. (1786) * Achille Peri Italian composer. (1812) * Anton Foerster Slovene composer. (1837) * Ignaz Schnitzer Austrian librettist. (1839) * Henry Hadley American conductor and composer. (1871) * Alexander Smallens American conductor. (1888) * Božidar Širola Croatian composer. (1889) * Hildegard Ranczak Bohemian soprano. (1895) * Marion Talley American soprano. (1907) * Eduardas Balsys Lithuanian composer. (1919) * André Turp Canadian tenor. (1925) * Donald Adams English bass. (1928) * John Harbison American composer. (1938)

DEATHS * David Pohle German composer. (1695) * Pietro Righini Italian stage designer. (1742) * Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni Italian poet and librettist. (1768) * Joseph Legros French tenor and composer. (1793) * Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis French composer and conductor. (1819) * Gian Francesco Fortunati Italian composer. (1821) * Carlo Evasio Soliva Italian composer, teacher and conductor. (1851) * Alfred Bunn English librettist and theatre manager. (1860) * Vincenzo Pucitta Italian composer. (1861) * Angelo Neumann Austrian impresario. (1910) * Manuel Giró Spanish composer. (1916) * Jean Gilbert German composer and conductor. (1942) * Emil Pirchan German stage designer and teacher. (1957) * Paul Constantinescu Romanian composer. (1963) * Max Brod German-Israeli writer, translator and librettist. (1968) * André Jolivet French composer. (1974) * Kurt Böhme German bass. (1989)

PREMIERES La cena delle beffe Umberto Giordano; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 20 December 1924.
 

21 December
BIRTHS * Pietro Andrea Ziani Italian . (1616) * Samuel Friedrich Capricornus German composer. (1628) * Hermann Friedrich Raupach German composer. (1728) * Edward Everett Rice American composer and director. (1848) * Zdeněk Fibich Czech composer. (1850) * Blagoje Bersa Croatian composer. (1873) * Paul Höffer German composer. (1895) * Ernst Wiemann German bass. (1919) * Giangiacomo Guelfi Italian baritone. (1924) * Bruno Prevedi Italian tenor. (1928) * Domenico Trimarchi Italian bass-baritone. (1940) * Michael Tilson Thomas American conductor. (1944) * Ian David Campbell Australian director and administrator. (1945) * Christopher Keene American conductor. (1946) * Nadine Secunde American soprano. (1953) * Thomas Randle American tenor. (1958)

DEATHS * Antonio Boroni Italian composer. (1792) * Christian Friedrich Müller German composer. (1827) * William Henry Fry American composer. (1864, 150 years) * Charles Lamoureux French conductor. (1899) * Adalbert von Goldschmidt Austrian composer. (1906) * Raoul Pugno French composer. (1913) * William Plomer South African-born librettist. (1973) * Orazio Fiume Italian composer. (1976) * Judith Raskin American soprano. (1984) * Ján Cikker Slovak composer. (1989) * Ivan Semyonovich Kozlovsky Ukrainian tenor. (1993) * Newell Jenkins American conductor. (1996)

PREMIERES Help, Help, the Globolinks! Gian Carlo Menotti; Hamburg, Staatsoper, 21 December 1968.